Wednesday, June 3, 2020

Male Dominated Society - Free Essay Example

Have you at any point felt caught in your very own area? Did you ever figure the inclination would leave? Well the narrator in the story The Yellow Wallpaper never figured her anguish would end. She felt caught in her very own space and the inclination never appeared to stop, it kept getting to her head. I want to center around the narrators sentiment of feeling trapped and what that really symbolizes in The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. This story demonstrates to the reader how much of a male commanded society times used to be, and ladies essentially had no say so in a portion of their choices and even in a portion of their ways of life. This is by all accounts is the repeating topic all through the story and Gilman certainly utilized a great deal of symbols to allude to the reader, which I will reflect on more as we move forward with the essay. The utilization of symbolism and setting represents this topic all through the story. The anonymous narrator in this story experiences an apprehensive issue which is upgraded by her sentiment of being trapped inside a room. The setting of the immense frontier house and especially the nursery stay with banished windows gives a picture of depression and isolation experienced by the narrator. I argue that the narrator utilizes images to feature that she is a casualty of a bigger issue in our general public with how women are seen and the roles that are seen and already in place for them. Two critical theories I will be using in this essay the Feminism and Symbolic Realm theories. I believe both these theories can thoroughly provide me with a very convincing argument. The scene in the reading that truly appeared to grab my eye as the reader is where the storyteller appears to reveal her own meaning of the wallpaper and truly come to envision the concealed image. Also, another scene I thought could truly help me amid my examination is a scene that included the storyteller and her perspective of spouse John. Both of these scenes support my chosen critical theories thus propelling my argument. The narrator uses symbols to show the reader her role as a women in the time she lived and other women around her. This story demonstrates to the reader how much of a male commanded society times used to be, and ladies essentially had no say so in a portion of their choices and even in a portion of their ways of life. This is by all accounts is the repeating topic all through the story and Gilman certainly utilized a great deal of symbols to allude to the reader. The scene in the reading that truly appeared to grab my eye as the reader is where the narrator appears to reveal her own meaning of the wallpaper and truly come to envision the concealed image. Prior in the story the storyteller said that she had seen a lady behind the yellow backdrop. Her fixation on the backdrop develops tremendously amid the term of the story. Later in the story she comes to what it appears to be an acknowledgment. She saysThe front pattern does move and no wonder, the woman behind her shakes it.( 362) Also, in very shady spots she just takes hold of the bars and shakes them hard. And she is trying to climb through, but nobody could climb through that pattern, it strangles so. (363) The narrator additionally specifies that she sees the ladies out of each one of her windows and how they are similar ladies that we find in our regular daily existences doing some different action. Another fascinating statement I observed to be considerable was They get through, and then the pattern strangles them off and turns them upside down, and makes their eyes white! (363) I think the narrator is stating that once women get past that social obstruction that society has set up for them, they are brung down by the general population of society or perhaps some in their very own assemblage or some may have even died from mental illness. The Symbolic Realm teaches us to pay attention to words, meaning, and language, which is a big conception in this story. Clearly, the wallpaper speaks to the structure of family, drug, and custom in which the narrator winds up trapped. Wallpaper i s residential and humble, and Gilman skillfully utilizes this nightmarish, terrible paper as an image of the local life that traps such a significant number of women. In this story we see how the central perception of women and the role they play highlighted in certain areas. A scene I thought could truly help me amid my examination is a scene that included the storyteller and her perspective of spouse John. It was the end of the fourth of july and the storyteller needed to expound on how she was feeling right now. She at that point says I dont know why I should write this. I dont want to. I dont feel able. ( 359) I know John would think it absurd. I think this symbolizes how much power her husband had over her and how she needed to consider his sentiment of things she did first. Over that he happened to be a psychiatrist so his statement had significantly more weight because of his profession. The storyteller said that John says I mustnt lose my strength, and has me take cod liver oil and lots of tonics and things, to say nothing of ale and wine and rare meat.(359) I think this statement truly adds depth to my contention that he has control over her and she must choose the option to tune in to what he says in light of the fact that he knows precisely what to do.The narrator finds herself financially and sincerely reliant on her better half, John. Commonly she inquiries to herself why she remains in the room constantly. She at that point answers herself by saying, John says it is beneficial for me (355). She thinks about her significant other as a lot more shrewd and more imperative than she, which is the manner in which that society treated men amid the day and age the story was composed. During this period, women were disheartened from joining the workforce and were believed to be more qualified as a mother, and spouse instead of an employee. This is the basic generalization that women endeavored to defeat amid the womens development. Like the narrators opportunity from the concealment of her significant other in the finish of the story, womens effortful fight lead to a triumph in 1920, when ladies at long last won the right to cast a ballot and be incorporated into the political choices influencing society. The narrator experienced mental and also physical battles as did the ladies of this time. In Feminist Criticism by Susan S. Lanser we get a great look at how the feminist criticism is shown in the Yellow Wallpaper and how it changes the readers perception in the story. On page 418 of the source the author goes in depth about the feminist criticism and how it applies to the Yellow Wallpaper. For example, the author says In the contemporary feminist reading, on the other hand, sexual oppression is evident from the start: the phrase John says heads a litany of benevolent prescriptions that keep the narrator infantilized, immobilized, and bored literally out of her mind. They then go on to say Reading or writing herself upon the wallpaper allows the narrator, as Paula Treichler puts it, to escape her husbands sentence and to achieve the limited freedom of madness which, virtually all these critics have agreed, constitutes a kind of sanity in the face of the insanity of male dominance. This demonstrates to the reader that what the narrator felt was similar to a correctional facility sentence under her significant others structure and she really felt a specific opportunity when endeavoring to break down the wallpaper. I trust this source gives us a decent impression of how women may have responded to the male overwhelming society in that time and period. This perusing not jus t recovered The Yellow Wallpaper as a womens activist content yet in addition reconstituted the terms of understanding itself. A feminist criticism moves past such limited causes to embroil the financial and social conditions which, under man-centric society, make women household slaves. Another source I found to be really profound is Escaping the Sentence: Diagnosis and Discourse in The Yellow Wallpaper by Paula A. Treichler. This source gives the reader a deep analysis of the symbols in the Yellow Wallpaper. An example quote in this passage I found to be substantial was Disguised as an acceptable feminine topic (interest in decor), the yellow wallpaper comes to occupy the narrators entire reality. Finally, she rips it from the walls to reveal its real meaning. Unveiled, the yellow wallpaper is a metaphor for womens discourse. The author also states Like all good metaphors, the yellow wallpaper is variously interpreted by readers to represent the pattern which underlies sexual inequality, the external manifestation of neurasthenia, the narrators unconscious, the narrators situation within patriarchy. This scholarly journal makes the reader ask questions as you go through the duration of the source to really grasp the meaning and show the patriarchal role that has been already set for women in society. For example, the author says In The Yellow Wallpaper we see consequences of the death sentence. Woman is represented as childlike and dysfunctional. Her complaints are wholly circular, merely confirming the already-spoken patriarchal diagnosis In the story we see the narrator make certain complaints about her condition and she felt to be feeling worse. Meanwhile her husband would tell her how better she is doing basically just brushing off her statements with his expertise. She is comprised and characterized inside the patriarchal request of dialect and bound to rehash discourse. The Yellow Wallpaper challenges this death sentence. Rather than the organized, cleared male-centric domain, the female heredity that the wallpaper speaks to is thick with life, articulation, and suffering. In Conclusion, I argue that the narrator uses symbols to highlight that she is a victim of a larger issue in our society with how women are viewed and the roles that are perceived of them. During this period, women were disheartened from joining the workforce and were believed to be more qualified as a mother, and spouse instead of an employee. This is the basic generalization that women endeavored to defeat amid the womens development. The wallpaper represents the structure of family, medicine, and tradition in which the narrator finds herself trapped. . Wallpaper is residential and humble, and Gilman skillfully utilizes this nightmarish, terrible paper as an image of the local life that traps such a significant number of women.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Case Study Spiral Model For Software Engineering Essay

Question: Read the MIT Sloan Business School case: Should you build strategy like you build software Compare the case with what is written in the book, How are they similar? how are they different? What is the advantage/disadvantage of each? In this assignment I will discuss the strategy approaches that was mentioned in both the case study and the information regarding the organizational strategies and approaches mentioned in the chapter 6. First I will talk about the strategies and approaches mentioned in the case study. The strategies and approaches mentioned in the case study. Case Study Spiral model Spiral model for software engineering combines the best features of the classic model life cycle and prototyping. But also adds new features that are not included in the other models, such as risk analysis. The spiral model defines four main activities for the lifecycle. †¢ Planning: Determining project objectives, alternatives and constraints. †¢ Risk analysis: The analysis of alternatives and the identification and solution of risks. †¢ Engineering: Product development. †¢ Customer rating: The agreement of the results of engineering. The model is represented by a spiral divided into four quadrants, each described in the above activities. The spiral model uses an iterative development scheme where the first iteration begins in the center of the circle and, incrementally, is moving out. The following successive iterations are more complete software being built versions. At theShow MoreRelatedHow Software Developers Invented New Development Processes Essay1228 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferences in the case study â€Å"should you build strategy like you build software?† and the book? And, advantages and disadvantages of specific strategies mentioned in both the book and the case study. 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SDLC Methodology e. Software Requirements f. Hardware Requirements 5. System Design a. DFD b. E-R diagram c. UML d. Data Dictionary 6. Technology Description 7. Coding 8. Testing amp; Debugging Techniques 9. Output Screens 10. Reports 11. Future Enhancements Read MoreDesigning And Creating New Software1241 Words   |  5 Pagesand creating new software INTRODUCTION (Aggarwal and Singh, 2005) described software as being more than a program as it constitute of not only a program code but also the operating procedures and the related documentation. Thus, we can explain the meaning of a software using the following equation: To create a new software, a well defined process is a must. This process, however, varies from one designer to another and sometimes is specific to the problem in hand. Software designing is a processRead MorePrinciples of Software Engineering2346 Words   |  10 Pagesdevelopment of a project. In fact, it is the first step for any project The main problem in a project failure is the lack of requirements. The common requirement error is due to human (i.e lack of Communication between customer and the analyst), software, etc. Example: Denver International Airport Reason: Underestimation of complexity, Complex architecture, Changes in requirements, Underestimation of schedule and budget, Dismissal of advice from experts, Failure to build in backupRead MoreUsing Proprietary Software The Market Pressures1400 Words   |  6 Pageswith any preliminary hints as to how it may evolve into a software program artifact are key to the complete enterprise. Whereas with proprietary software the market pressures are probable to make tasks based on mediocre ideas speedy stop to exist, with OSS such projects may be allowed to languish for a long time frame. The target market that the task will be centered towards have to additionally is clear from the beginning. End users, software program providers integrating a issue, device administratorsRead MoreSystems Development Methodologies ( Quarban Ali ) Essay2217 Words   |  9 PagesSize of the team 4 Nature of the system 4 Systems Development Methodologies 4 Waterfall 4 Characteristics of Waterfall methodology 5 Prototyping 6 Strengths 7 Weaknesses 7 Situations where most appropriate 7 Situations where least appropriate 7 Spiral Model 7 Characteristics 8 Strengths 8 Weaknesses 8 Situations where most appropriate 8 Situations where least appropriate 8 Adapting of the System Development Methodology – Guidelines 8 Assessment of environmental factors 9 Methodology selection 9 AdaptingRead MoreThe Model And Simulation Of The System Engineering Processes Essay1858 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction: The model and simulation technique has been around for thousands of years. Like the rest of things in our life over the year, model and simulation became more complicated to construct, and still simple to interpret. According to the Merriam Webster dictionary the definition of Model is copy or image; and the definition of something that is made to look, feel, or behave like something else especially so that it can be studied or used to train people. The model and simulation method

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Wife of Bath by Geoffery Chaucer Essay - 696 Words

Analysis of the Wife of Bath nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, Chaucer starts his prologue with the description of twenty-nine people who are going on a pilgrimage. Each person has a different personality that we can recognize from the way people behave today. He purposely makes The Wife of Bath stand out more compared to the other characters. â€Å"In the â€Å"General Prologue,’ the wife of bath is intentionally described in an explicit way to provoke a shocking response† (Blackman 23). The way she dresses and her physical features are references to her past. By referring to her attitude on men and her physical appearance, Chaucer questions the Wife of Bath’s behavior reguarding strick Christian rules. The Wife of†¦show more content†¦The Wife of Bath is overtly manipulative, using her sexuality as a weapon against her husbands in order to force the husband to provide for her. She cruelly accuses her husband of ingratitude and withholding sex to extra ct gifts from her husbands. â€Å"Blessed be god that I have married five, and always, for the money in his chest†. (Chaucer 44-45) nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Wife of bath feels that men should obey her. She should not be controlled or told what to do by others, especially by a man. Instead she wants to control them and tell them what to do. She displays a very sick and power-thirsty attitude when she says, â€Å"My husband shall enjoy it night and morrow whenever it pleases him to pay his debt. A husband, though-I’ve not been thwarted yet-Shall always be my debtor and my slave.† (Chaucer 159-161). The wife of bath believes that experience is the greatest authority, and since she has been married five times, she certainly considers herself as an authority on the husbands. â€Å"Experience, though all authority† (Chaucer 1) Her husbands fell into two categories. The first category of husbands were: rich, but also old and unable to fulfill her sexual needs. The other husbands were sexually vigorous, but harder to control. The first three were rich, old, and jealous. She tamed them by accusing them of promiscuous behaviorShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Wife of Bath by Geoffery Chaucer1019 Words   |  5 PagesThe Wife of Bath nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The Wife of Bath, or Alison, is a worldly woman. Not only has she traveled the world, she has experienced the world, in the sexual manner. Alison herself states this at the beginning of her tale, â€Å"Were there no books at all on the subject, my own experience gives me a perfect right to talk of the sorrows of marriage . . . I’ve married five husbands . . . .†(Chaucer 174). The point of Alison’s long-winded prologue is to crush the idea that men have aRead More Womens Themes in The Wife of Bath by Geoffery Chaucer Essay2244 Words   |  9 Pages Geoffery Chaucer wrote his legendary Canterbury Tales in Medieval times when women were considered as servants to their husbands and powerless. This was a time where church and state were one entity and in the church’s eyes women were supposed to be gentile and and virtuous. Sexuality and education of women was condemned by the church and state. The clothing during that time also represe nted the ideals of that time. Their skirts were long and ankles were never to be shown naked in public. YoungRead MoreBeowolf, The Art of Courtly Love, and The Wife of Bath and 810 Words   |  4 Pagesthe hierarchy by the hierarchy, whom the lower and middle class were supposed to look up to. This brings the question, who were the real heroes? What even was a hero during this time? Was it a real thing, or were heroes just a work of fiction? Geoffery Chaucer was a king’s yeoman, esquire, and a messenger. This allowed him to meet a variety of people from across the globe, as well as those of nobility. This allowed him to write a story that accurately captured different people’s personalities, whichRead MoreReality of Human Nature Hidden Behind the Canterbury Tales Essay1460 Words   |  6 Pagesmentally, people are much alike than they think. This links into Geoffery Chaucer’s work, â€Å"The Canterbury Tales†. Chaucer tells his readers that his main purpose of the book is to reveal his belief on what causes people to misbehave. The argument is that the reason why people tend to act up is because of human nature. Chaucer hints this idea throughout the tales. Some of them that help prove Chaucer’s fact to be true are: â€Å"The Wife of Bath Tale† and her version of living day-by-day with different husbandsRead MoreWife of Bath vs. the Pardoners1251 Words   |  6 PagesCharlott e Stern Period 6 March 30,2012 Wife of Bath vs. The Pardoners Geoffery Chaucers The Canterbury Tales is an example of an extremely complicated and wondrous piece of fictional work. The main story lines plot is a contest between a diverse group of pilgrims on their way to Thomas Beckets shrine. in order to win the contest the pilgrim must tell â€Å"tales of best sentence and moost solaas,†, which means the stories must be filled with moral and entertainment to win the feast. EvenRead MoreRole of Women in Sir Gawain and The Green Knight and The Wife of Bath’s Tale1651 Words   |  7 PagesIn the Middle Ages, the roles of women became less restricted and confined and women became more opinionated and vocal. Sir Gawain and The Green Knight presents Lady Bertilak, the wife of Sir Bertilak, as a woman who seems to possess some supernatural powers who seduces Sir Gawain, and Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Wife of Bath Prologue and Tale, present women who are determined to have power and gain sovereignty over the men in their lives. Th e female characters are very openly sensual and honest aboutRead MoreLiterture Final Exam Notes1143 Words   |  5 Pages wyrd: fate; destiny Canterbury Tales CT pilgrimage was from London to Canterbury. 31# travelers were to tell 4# stories each on the journey. Purpose was ______________________. Characters from CT: Wife of Bath, Knight, Miller, Pardoner, Parson, Host of the Tabard Inn. †¢ Wife of Bath: gap-toothed woman; had 5 husbands; wears red; handsome; confident †¢ Knight: a gentlemen who represents chivalry and honor †¢ Miller: red-head, braen with no brains, cheats on the grain scales; tells tavern

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Demand And Supply Of Resources In Australia †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Demand And Supply Of Resources In Australia. Answer: Introduction Demand refers to the willingness of customers to buy a certain commodity at the existing rates. On the other hand, supply is the willingness of sellers to bring commodities into the market with the existing prices. The news article is about the Australian property market. The demand for property is high, with prices rising continuously. There is low property supply compared to demand. Prices for property are highly affected by the demand and supply patterns. High demand and low supply causes the price to rise.(Behravesh, 2014) The importance of demand and supply in property market is to determine how they affect property prices. The market should be able to satisfy the demand for property in the market. The market prices increase when the market demand is higher than the supply. The market should satisfy demand so as to maintain prices at acceptable levels. Investors and property buyers are the parties interested in this report. This informs on market prices and the influence of demand and supply on prices. Investors need to know the buying cost for properties. The aim of investors is to make profit; therefore, they need to know the property interest rates. This helps investors establish how much profit they will make from reselling the property. Property buyers need to know about the market demand to identify whether the products they need are available in the market at the prices that they can afford.(Kothari, 2004) Economic concepts and theories Demand and supply are the backbone of a market, as they determine the prices of the products. Demand is the willingness to buy at the existing market costs. The law of demand indicates that when the price of a commodity is high, then the customers demand less of the commodity, because the opportunity cost of buying the commodity is similarly high. The costly property force customers to reduce purchases. High demand for property in Australia caused by the large number of customers increase the cost of property in the market. Property sellers are not able to satisfy the demand for property in Australia causing the existing properties to sell at very high prices. The properties are sold at high prices with an aim of fetching high revenues from the few property brought to the market. High demand additionally increases prices in the market because the buyers are willing to buy property at the going price no matter how high they are. Customers find it difficult to buy a lot of property in this market because of the high prices, making the market inactive because it involves only a few rich individuals. Maintaining demand at equilibrium ensures that the customers do not pay too much for property or pay less for property.(Masulis, 1988) Supply is the quantity brought to market at certain price rates. The law of supply indicates that when the price for property is high, the suppliers bring more property to the market to earn extra revenue. When the supplies increase, the prices for products fall because of the need to dispose products quickly. The property market experiences a low supply of property. Low supply consequently results to high prices due to high demand. The effect of high prices in the market is scaring buyers who cannot afford the prices. The market thus becomes inactive with less customer. Supply forces correct the prices in the market by supplying at equilibrium point where the customers do not pay too much for commodities or less for the commodities. Suppliers should avail products in the market that satisfy the customers needs to avoid shortages.(Mordecai lee, 2012) Recommendations The property market should take steps that control the supply and demand of property. The market can control the prices of commodities. The market should consider increasing the prices for the areas that have low property supply. The market price increase attracts more suppliers in the market wanting to tap the additional revenues, in this way the supply of property is increased.(William Stallings, 2012) In addition to that, the market should focus on encouraging more individuals to buy property. This is by coming up with property policies such as low buying interests and then creating a good market environment that will ensure that the customers can sell the products later at high prices. Policies that ensure customers earn high profits at a short time form properties increase the demand for property in the market. Supply improvement is through making policies that do not charge high taxes on property sales revenue. High taxes scare dealers in property sales making them venture into other business opportunities, because they fear losing much income to taxes. The government thus, should focus on reducing taxes on property to stabilize both demand and supply. Taxes affect demand because high prices put of the buyers. The cause is the additional tax expense attached to the property price, therefore, tax reduction or elimination on properties increase the demand for product due to reduc ed prices. Supply increases because of low property sales tax and thus tend to sell more property.(Chalmers Brother, 2015) Conclusion Demand and supply forces affect property markets. These forces to a great extent affect the buying and selling of property in the market. The demand patterns are important in establishing the type of property that the people want, while supply assists in the availing of products in the market. The article helps to understand why property prices keep fluctuating as demand and supply forces take effect. Without demand and supply, the market fails to operate freely because monopolies set prices, which may exploit customers.(William Stallings, 2012) The Australian property market has tried to overcome the harmful forces of demand and supply by ensuring that the market operates at equilibrium. This is a point where demand and supply of property is equal. The market ensures that there are as many suppliers in the market to satisfy demand.(Robert J. Anderson, 2015) References Behravesh, N., 2014.Economics USA 8th edition. s.l.:W.W.Norton and Company. Chalmers Brother, V. K., 2015. Leadership Excellence. s.l.:New Possibilities Press. James Michael Stewart, M. C. G., 2015. Certified Information Systems Security Professional. s.l.:Sybex. Kothari, P. S., 2004. Corporate Accounting. Massachusetts: Sloan Management. Masulis, R., 1988. The debt/equity choice. Cambridge: Ballinger. Mordecai lee, G. N. S., 2012. The Practice of Government Public Relations.Economics s.l.:CRC Press. Robert , W. A. A., 2015. Mastering Leadership. Newyork: Wiley. William Stallings, T. C., 2012. Business Data Communication. s.l.:Pearson.

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Medieval Weapons Essays - Projectile Weapons, Medieval Warfare

Medieval Weapons Medieval Weapons were (are) very dangerous. They Can kill, puncture, wound, hurt, or anything else. All weapons From the Middle Ages were looked upon as frightening and crucial Tools to kill. From a small dagger to a large cannon; all weapons Would kill, no doubt about it. A lot, in fact most of the weapons were used for siege and Defense against castles. Castles were the most integral part of the Middle Ages. They held the king, the servants and anyone else Important. If you wanted land or money, a castle was the perfect Place to hit. Movable Towers were just one thing used to lay siege on These castles. Not necessarily a weapon itself, it held Weapons...knights and peasants. Knights and (or) peasants carried many weapons depending On what specialty they had. Some carried bows-and-arrows, others Maces, some swords, some knifes, etc. A mace was a metal ball with metal spikes welded on the Ball. A chain was attached to a wood stick onto the ball. The Mace would not kill only torture. Other siege weapons included the ballista, a HUGE Crossbow- like slingshot that could send a huge tree trunk 3 football fields Long. The ballasta was manly for breaking down castle walls, or for scattering A heavily guarded area. The most commonly used weapon was the sword. It was a long metal Object that was very sharp on both sides. The sword could actually cut the Sheet metal on modern day cars. Imagine this power through your neck! Next to the sword, the "soldiers" held a small dagger in a pouch on Their belt. This was used to finish people off, as a last resort, or sometimes Even suicide missions. Trebuchet, the name strikes fear in people's eyes, a HUMONGOUS Slingshot that could send a big monkeys boulder 2 football fields. This Weapon could be used to demolish castle walls, or could even be used to kill Hundreds of people on the battlefield. Anyway used, it was a big dangerous Weapon. Medieval Warfare and Weaponry In the Middle Ages, the nobility of many cultures had large fortifications built to house a small town as well as themselves. These fortification were called castles, and they were so well defended that some historians have called it the most formidable weapon of medieval warfare (Hull 1). As one can imagine, conquering such a colossal structure cost much money, even more time, and many lives. There were three main ways to infiltrate a castle; each no more common than the other two. The first way to conquer to castle is known as the siege. In a siege, an army would bar passageways into the castle, and continue to pound away at the castle's defenses until it was vulnerable to a final attack. In this form of assault, the attacking party did not have to approach the castle, as was required in a storm, the second way to attack a castle. In a siege, large projectiles from catapults often bombarded the ramparts of the castle. Hunger, plague, or actual weapons such as Greek fire arrows killed off the defenders of the castle. Greek fire was a mixture comprised of highly flammable substances that was agonizingly hot. Bits of cloth were dipped into the Greek fire compound and wrapped it behind the head of an arrow, and then lit on fire. Yet another common tactic in the siege was undermining. Undermining was the digging of tunnels underneath towers. However, the purposes of such subt erranean activity were not for passage, but to create instability in the towers and in the end cause their disintegration. The second, more certain form of attack upon a castle was the blockade. To blockade a place was to preclude all entry and departure from the site. In doing so to a castle, one limited their food supply, for a castle, unlike a manor, could not survive unless contact with the outer world could be attained. However, starving a castle out was costly in both money and especially time. For a long while an army waited for the castle to deplete their resources, the army itself had to continue to supply themselves with such resources and the soldiers were to be paid for their vigilant act. Although it was costly and lengthy, blockade did work. Richard the Lionhearted's stronghold, the Chateau-Gaillard, which was built in only a year along the Seine River, was sacked on March 6, 1204 by

Saturday, March 14, 2020

How to Place a Checkbox Into a DBGrid

How to Place a Checkbox Into a DBGrid There are numerous ways and reasons to customize the output of a DBGrid in Delphi. One way is to add checkboxes so that the result is more visually attractive. By default, if you have a boolean field in your dataset, the DBGrid displays them as True or False depending on the value of the data field. However, it looks much better if you choose to use a true checkbox control to enable editing the fields. Create a Sample Application Start a new form in Delphi, and place a TDBGrid, TADOTable, and TADOConnection, TDataSource. Leave all the component names as they are when they were first dropped into the form (DBGrid1, ADOQuery1, AdoTable1, etc.). Use the Object Inspector to set a ConnectionString property of the ADOConnection1 component (TADOConnection) to point to the sample QuickiesContest.mdb MS Access database. Connect DBGrid1 to DataSource1, DataSource1 to ADOTable1, and finally ADOTable1 to ADOConnection1. The ADOTable1 TableName property should point to the Articles table (to make the DBGrid display the records of the Articles table). If you have set all the properties correctly, when you run the application (given that the Active property of the ADOTable1 component is True) you should see, by default, the DBGrid display the boolean fields value as True or False depending on the value of the data field. CheckBox in a DBGrid To show a checkbox inside a cell of a DBGrid, well need to make one available for us at run time. Select the Data controls page on the Component Palette and pick a TDBCheckbox. Drop one anywhere on the form - it doesnt matter where, since most of the time it will be invisible or floating over the grid. Tip: TDBCheckBox is a data-aware control that allows the user to select or deselect a single value, which is appropriate for boolean fields. Next, set its Visible property to False. Change the Color property of DBCheckBox1 to the same color as the DBGrid (so it blends in with the DBGrid) and remove the Caption. Most importantly, make sure the DBCheckBox1 is connected to the DataSource1 and to the correct field. Note that all the above DBCheckBox1s property values can be set in the forms OnCreate event like this: procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);begin DBCheckBox1.DataSource : DataSource1; DBCheckBox1.DataField : Winner; DBCheckBox1.Visible : False; DBCheckBox1.Color : DBGrid1.Color; DBCheckBox1.Caption : ; //explained later in the article DBCheckBox1.ValueChecked : Yes a Winner!; DBCheckBox1.ValueUnChecked : Not this time.; end; What comes next is the most interesting part. While editing the boolean field in the DBGrid, we need to make sure the DBCheckBox1 is placed above (floating) the cell in the DBGrid displaying the boolean field. For the rest of the (non-focused) cells carrying the boolean fields (in the Winner column), we need to provide some graphical representation of the boolean value (True/False). This means you need at least two images for drawing: one for the checked state (True value) and one for the unchecked state (False value). The easiest way to accomplish this is to use the Windows API DrawFrameControl function to draw directly on the DBGrids canvas. Heres the code in the DBGrids OnDrawColumnCell event handler that occurs when the grid needs to paint a cell. procedure TForm1.DBGrid1DrawColumnCell( Sender: TObject; const Rect: TRect; DataCol: Integer; Column: TColumn; State: TGridDrawState); const IsChecked : array[Boolean] of Integer (DFCS_BUTTONCHECK, DFCS_BUTTONCHECK or DFCS_CHECKED);var DrawState: Integer; DrawRect: TRect;beginif (gdFocused in State) thenbeginif (Column.Field.FieldName DBCheckBox1.DataField) thenbegin DBCheckBox1.Left : Rect.Left DBGrid1.Left 2; DBCheckBox1.Top : Rect.Top DBGrid1.top 2; DBCheckBox1.Width : Rect.Right - Rect.Left; DBCheckBox1.Height : Rect.Bottom - Rect.Top; DBCheckBox1.Visible : True; endendelsebeginif (Column.Field.FieldName DBCheckBox1.DataField) thenbegin DrawRect:Rect; InflateRect(DrawRect,-1,-1); DrawState : ISChecked[Column.Field.AsBoolean]; DBGrid1.Canvas.FillRect(Rect); DrawFrameControl(DBGrid1.Canvas.Handle, DrawRect, DFC_BUTTON, DrawState); end; end; end; To finish this step, we need to make sure DBCheckBox1 is invisible when we leave the cell: procedure TForm1.DBGrid1ColExit(Sender: TObject);beginif DBGrid1.SelectedField.FieldName DBCheckBox1.DataField then DBCheckBox1.Visible : Falseend; We need just two more events to handle. Note that when in editing mode, all keystrokes are going to the DBGrids cell, we have to make sure they are sent to the CheckBox. In the case of a CheckBox we are primarily interested in the [Tab] and the [Space] key. [Tab] should move the input focus to the next cell, and [Space] should toggle the state of the CheckBox. procedure TForm1.DBGrid1KeyPress(Sender: TObject; var Key: Char);beginif (key Chr(9)) then Exit; if (DBGrid1.SelectedField.FieldName DBCheckBox1.DataField) thenbegin DBCheckBox1.SetFocus; SendMessage(DBCheckBox1.Handle, WM_Char, word(Key), 0); end;end; It could be appropriate for the Caption of the checkbox to change as the user checks or unchecks the box. Note that the DBCheckBox has two properties (ValueChecked and ValueUnChecked) used to specify the field value represented by the checkbox when it is checked or unchecked. This ValueChecked property holds Yes, a Winner!, and ValueUnChecked equals Not this time. procedure TForm1.DBCheckBox1Click(Sender: TObject);beginif DBCheckBox1.Checked then DBCheckBox1.Caption : DBCheckBox1.ValueChecked else DBCheckBox1.Caption : DBCheckBox1.ValueUnChecked;end; Run the project and youll see the checkboxes all over the Winner fields column.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

I just need the bibliography to be done Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

I just need the bibliography to be done - Essay Example 2006. africaresource. 17 Dec. 2007 . 8. Kiehl, Stephen. â€Å"Cashing in on the pop and hip-hop name-drop†. Baltimore Sun. 2004. Commercial Alert. 17 Dec. 2007 . 9. Mattus, Carolyn. â€Å"Hip-hops evolution, success examined†. THE HEIGHTS. 2005. BCHEIGHTS.com. 17 Dec. 2007 . 11. Silverstien, Matt. â€Å"Concerning Hip-Hop: A Repressive Agent or Vehicle for Activism?† Commercial Hip-Hop and Social Grassroots. 2006. africaresource. 17 Dec. 2007 . 14. â€Å"Since 1994, violent crime rates have declined, reaching the lowest level ever in 2005†. Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2006. Office of Justice Programs. U.S. Department of Justice. 17 Dec. 2007 . 16. Howard, Theresa. â€Å"Rapper 50 Cent sings a song of business success†. Advertising & Marketing. 2005. USA TODAY. 17 Dec. 2007 . 21. Ogunnaike, Lola. â€Å"Jay-Z, From Superstar to Suit†. The New York Times. 2005. NYTimes.com. 17 Dec. 2007 . 24. Wasserman, Todd. â€Å"Playing The Hip-Hop Name Drop†. Brandweek. 2005. ISIDE BRANDED ENTERTAINMENT. 17 Dec. 2007